Origin and characteristics

The Jack Russell is an old dog breed that dates all the way back to the early 1800’s. Their heritage means they’re a popular choice for dog owners who wish to enter their dog into competitions, particularly agility.  Looking past their hunting abilities, they can also make great companions for experienced owners who have the time and patience to train them properly.

Jack Russells are an affectionate breed who are always devoted to their humans and just love to be around them. They have a fearless nature which can be adorable, but it can also put them in danger thanks to their inherited prey drive. A house that already has small animals like rabbits or guinea pigs is not a suitable home for a Jack Russell whose hunting instinct will mean they see the other pets as prey. They also don’t get along particularly well with cats, especially those that run away from them.

Unfortunately, some Jacks can be aggressive towards other dogs which can be a big problem as they won’t think twice about standing up to a dog three times their size. The best way to tackle this is to socialise them with other dogs at a young age or you may find you always have to cross the street whenever another dog walker is approaching.

Jack Russells are an intelligent, affectionate breed but they’re packed full of energy and have their own mind which means training them requires a lot of time, consistency and patience.

They need at least 30 – 45 minutes vigorous exercise every day.

Jack Russells are best suited to live in a house with a small, fenced garden. They are notorious escape artists who will find any weak spot in your garden’s boundary whether it means jumping over a gate or digging under a fence, so they must be kept in a secure, escape-proof garden. They also love to dig, and it is very hard to train them not to dig, but they can be taught to dig in a particular area, to avoid ruining flower beds.

Their love of their humans means they can suffer from separation anxiety, so they should not be left home alone for long periods of time.

  • Lifespan:  10-15 Years

  • Size:  25-38 cm

  • Weight: 6-8 kg

  • Breed group: terrier

  • Coat: Double and course

Coat, Shedding, Grooming

The Jack Russell’s coat comes in three types which are smooth, broken and rough, all of which are double coats.

You must brush their coat weekly to keep them healthy and remove dead or loose hair, but they rarely require a bath.

Broken or rough coats should be stripped once or twice a year for which you may want to turn to a professional groomer if you’re not confident to do it yourself.

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