Origin and characteristics

The Border Terrier originated in northeast England, near the border with Scotland, during the 18th century. He’s a result of the neverending battle between farmers and foxes. The alert, good-natured Border Terrier was originally bred to assist in foxhunts by driving foxes out of their hiding places and out into the open for the hounds to chase. Nowadays, they make great family members who adore their humans.

Border Terriers still have a powerful drive to hunt and dig, as well as the energy level that enabled them to keep up with hunters on horseback. These traits can make them an aggravating pet for some humans; for others, Border Terriers are wonderful companions who play hard and love harder. They can adapt to apartment life, so long as they get plenty of exercise.

With their needs for companionship and activity met, Borders are happy dogs who generally get along well with everyone from children to strangers. They’ll bark at noises, making them excellent watchdogs.

Border Terriers are family dogs and should live indoors with their people. They’re not so affectionate with other small animals. When it comes to going after prey, they’re fearless and relentless. Leash training is a must. A Border Terrier can run off in search of prey or adventure. They’ll also go after small pets such as rabbits, mice, or gerbils. Because of their tendency to chase, make sure your yard is securely fenced, and don’t let your Border off leash in an unfenced area.

They’ll enjoy at least a half hour of vigorous exercise daily, such as a walk on leash, off-leash play in a fenced area, or a good game of fetch. Without enough exercise, Border Terriers are prone to weight gain and boredom.  A bored Border can become noisy and destructive and bark a lot.

Border Terriers can quickly learn house rules and other important dog etiquette such as housetraining, walking on leash, and greeting people politely

Like every dog, Border Terriers need early socialization — exposure to many different people, sights, sounds, and experiences — when they’re young. Border Terriers love kids and can match their energy levels all day long.

  • Lifespan: 12-15 Years

  • Size: 28-40 cm

  • Weight: 5-7 kg

  • Breed group: terrier

  • Coat: short, dense undercoat covered with a wiry topcoat

Coat, Shedding, Grooming

The Border Terrier has a short, dense undercoat covered with a wiry topcoat. His skin is thick and loose — something that came in handy during his fox-hunting days, as it protects him from bites.

Weekly brushing and periodic stripping (every five to six months) of the rough terrier coat will keep your Border looking neat and tidy.

Stripping involves plucking the dead hair by hand or removing it with a stripping knife or other stripping tool. It’s the kind of thing you can do while you and your Border are watching a 30-minute television show. By stripping the coat, you’ll have less Border hair decorating your clothing, furniture, and flooring.

How to manage shedding?

The Border Terrier’s coat needs weekly brushing and periodic stripping — removing the dead hair by hand or with a stripping tool — to maintain its trademark rough texture.

For easier care, you can clipper the coat, but the texture and colour will become softer and lighter and the coat won’t be weather resistant.

If you don’t mind the scruffy look, you can just leave the coat as is, with no stripping or clipping, but the coat may shed more.

Border Terriers do not need to be bathed often — only when they’ve gotten into something gross and it’s really necessary. Their coat naturally repels dirt and, with weekly brushing and a wipe-down with a damp cloth when needed, it should stay fairly clean. When you do bathe him, use a shampoo made for the rough terrier coat to help maintain its texture.

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